Andrew Jackson (1767 – 1845) was the seventh president of the United States (1829–1837). As an army general, he defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814), and the British at the Battle of New Orleans.(1815). As president, he initiated forced relocation and resettlement of Native American tribes from the Southeast to west of the Mississippi River with the Indian Removal Act (1830). This abrupt and forced removal resulted in the deaths of over 4,000 Cherokees on the infamous "Trail of Tears." More than 45,000 American Indians were relocated to the West during Jackson's administration. In addition to his legal and political career, Jackson prospered as a plantation owner, slave owner, and merchant. His plantation empire in Tennessee stretched over 1,050 acres. The primary crop was cotton, grown by enslaved workers.