Tuesday, May 26, 2015

Moby-Dick Chapter 5: Breakfast

The following is from a work-in-progress called "Moby Dick: a Book Report" in which I read each chapter of Herman Melville's classic novel Moby Dick, and write about what I read.  This will (hopefully) culminate in a large book report on the whole book.  I will also include illustrations I find on the internet or in books.

In the morning, all the sea-men staying at The Spouter-Inn gather together for breakfast.  They are an impressive, motley crew.  Ishmael is surprised by the fact that these great whale-men, who have seen more of the world than most, eat together in almost total silence.  He describes the scene in this way:

"I was preparing to hear some good stories about whaling; to my no small surprise, nearly every man maintained a profound silence.  And not only that, but they looked embarrassed.  Yes, here was a set of sea-dogs, many of whom without the slightest bashfulness had boarded great whales on the high seas--entire strangers to them--and dueled them dead without winking; and yet, here they all sat at a social breakfast table--all of the same calling, all of kindred tastes--looking round as sheepishly at each other as though they had never even out of sight of some sheepfold among the Green Mountains.  A curious sight; these bashful bears, these timid warrior whalemen!"

This scene reminds me of veterans of World War II, many of whom were reticent to talk about their war experiences.  The implication is that, what they experienced away from polite society was too intense and profound to discuss over a meal.  The scene also implies that these whalemen are cut from a different cloth than the rest of society.  They are men of action, not words, and find themselves out of place, fish out of water if you will, when home among the comforts of shore-life.  Queequeg, humorously, uses his harpoon to spear helpings of rare beefsteak.

The Qur'an Surah 49: The Private Rooms

The following is from a work-in-progress called The Qur'an: a Book Report, in which I read each surah of the Qur'an and write about what I learn.

This is a Medinan surah, which means that it is mainly concerned with guidelines for maintaining a healthy community.  In this regard, the surah gives three main commands:

1.) Do not shout at the prophet, but rather treat him with respect, with a lowered voice.

2.) Seek to reconcile community members who are fighting.

3.) Don't gossip about community members behind their backs.

Persian Qur'an Manuscript (19th century)

Sunday, May 24, 2015

Anti-Club Bob Dylan Night!

On Friday night at The Anti-Club (aka Mulberry St. Ristorante), my friend Bobby and I played a "Bob Dylan Night" set, spanning the full breadth of Dylan's career, plus musicians and bands connected to Bob Dylan in some way.  Here's our set list. Check it out!

“Thunder on the Mountain” by Bob Dylan (from Modern Times)

“Move It On Over” by Hank Williams

“Wallflower” by Bob Dylan (from The Bootleg Series)

“Across the Great Divide” by The Band 

“Most Likely You Go Your Way” by Bob Dylan and The Band (from Before the Flood)

“All Along the Watchtower” by Jimi Hendrix

“Shake Shake Mama” by Bob Dylan (from Together Through Life)

“Jackson” by Johnny Cash and June Carter

“Golden Loom” by Bob Dylan (from The Bootleg Series)

“It Ain’t Me Babe” by The Turtles

“I Want You” by Bob Dylan (from Blonde on Blonde)

“Time is On My Side” by The Rolling Stones (from 12 x 5)

“She’s Your Lover Now” by Bob Dylan (from The Blonde on Blonde sessions)

“The Story of Bo Diddley” by The Animals

“Sittin’ on a Barbed Wire Fence” by Bob Dylan (from The Highway 61 Revisited Sessions)

“Mr. Tamborine Man” by Chad and Jeremy

“Tell Me That It Isn’t True” by Bob Dylan (from Nashville Skyline)

“Love Minus Zero/No Limit” by Joan Baez

“Father of Night” by Bob Dylan (from New Morning)

“Catch the Wind” by Donovan

“Diamond Joe” by Bob Dylan (from Good As I Been to You)

“Come and Go With Me” by Lightnin’ Hopkins

“Pay in Blood” by Bob Dylan (from Tempest)

“Stuck Inside of Mobile With the Memphis Blues Again” by Cat Power

“Idiot Wind” by Bob Dylan (from Blood on the Tracks)

“Christ for President” by Billy Bragg and Wilco

“Most of the Time” by Bob Dylan (from Oh Mercy)

“Froggie Went a’ Courtin” by Bruce Springsteen

“Jokerman” by Bob Dylan (from Inifdels)

“Going Going Gone” by Bob Dylan and The Band (from Planet Waves)

“Brownsville Girl” by Bob Dylan (from Knocked Out Loaded)

“Changing of the Guards” by Bob Dylan (from Street Legal)

“Silver Dagger” by Bob Dylan and Joan Baez (from The Bootleg Series)

“Mississippi” by Bob Dylan (from Love and Theft)

“Moonshiner” by Bob Dylan (from The Bootleg Series)

“Cold Irons Bound” by Bob Dylan (from Time Out of Mind)

“Isis” by Bob Dylan (from Desire)

“Heart of Mine” by Bob Dylan (from Shot of Love)

“Like a Rolling Stone” by Bob Dylan (from Highway 61 Revisited)

Moby Dick Ch. 4: The Counterpane

The following is from a work-in-progress called "Moby Dick: a Book Report" in which I read each chapter of Herman Melville's classic novel Moby Dick, and write about what I read.  This will (hopefully) culminate in a large book report on the whole book.  I will also include illustrations I find on the internet or in books.

Ishmael awakes beside Queequeg, whose arm is affectionately thrown over him: “Upon waking next morning about daylight, I found Queequeg’s arm thrown over me in the most loving and affectionate manner.  You had almost thought I had been his wife.”  This funny image contrasts with Ishmael’s fear of the “savage” the night before.  Contrary to social mores, the Christian and the pagan have become friends and bedfellows.

However, Queequeg’s arm over Ishmael presents a challenge—how can he get up without waking him?  The scenario reminds him of a childhood experience.  Once, when he was “grounded” to his room, he lay in bed and suddenly felt some strange supernatural hand in his—an experience he found terrifying.  This experience of the divine was like what Old Testament prophets experienced.

Finally, Ishmael succeeds in waking the “savage,” who proceeds to get dressed and ready for the day.  Humorously, Queequeg uses his harpoon blade to shave his face.

The Qur’an Surah 48: Triumph

The following is from a work-in-progress called The Qur'an: a Book Report, in which I read each surah of the Qur'an and write about what I learn.

In 622 C.E., after a series of conflicts with the powerful Quraysh tribe in Mecca, Muhammad led his small group of followers on a migration to Medina, where they would grow into a larger community of faith.  After they had become established in Medina, God gave Muhammad a vision that he should lead his followers on a pilgrimage back to Mecca.  This was, no doubt, a scary proposition, however he did it.  

Outside of Mecca, Muhammad and his followers were stopped by the Quraysh.  The two rival groups eventually signed a peace treaty (known as the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah), which said that Muhammad and his followers would not enter Mecca that year, but would return the following year.  Also, the treaty provided for a ten-year truce between the two groups.  

This is the context of the 48th surah.  The “triumph” is not success in battle, but rather the successful negotiating of a peace treaty.

Qur'an surah 48 in Kufic script (8th-9th century C.E.)

Thursday, May 21, 2015

Bob Dylan: Making Music for Over 50 Years!

Lately, I've been doing some "listening projects," in which I choose an important artist I like, listen to their entire discography, and then share what I learn.  I've spent the past week listening to all 36 of Bob Dylan's studio albums, stretching from 1962 to 2015.  My friend Bobby was gracious enough to loan me his box set of all these albums.  It's been a totally inspiring experience.  Before this project, I was pretty uneducated on what Dylan has done since the mid-1970s, and now I know and appreciate all his musical phases.  There are gems on all these albums, not just the 60s stuff, and I was pretty blown away by how cool his more recent records like "Modern Times' and "Tempest" are.  His voice bears the scars of experience, wisdom, and a lifetime love affair with American music.  What follows is a little bit about each album, the cover art, and links to my favorite songs.  Enjoy, my friends!

1.) Bob Dylan (1962).  Dylan's debut album consists mostly of cover songs of artists like Bukka White, Dave Van Ronk, and Blind Lemon Jefferson.  The two original songs are "Talkin New York" and "Song to Woody," written to one of Dylan's major early influences, Woody Guthrie.

2.) The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan (1963).  This album, composed mainly of original songs, became a much bigger hit than his debut, and propelled Dylan to the forefront of 1960s youth culture.  It has many iconic 60s Dylan songs like "Blowin' in the Wind," "Masters of War," and "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall."  Mixed in with these political/social songs are some very beautiful love songs like "Girl from the North Country."  This may be my favorite Dylan album.

3.) The Times They Are 'A Changin' (1964).  The title track became a sort of anthem of 1960s social protest and change.  Continuing the themes of political and social consciousness, this album deals with issues of racism ("The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll"), American Imperialism ("With God on Our Side"), and overall social change ("When the Ship Comes In").  The song "Boots of Spanish Leather" is one of the most heartbreaking and beautiful relationship songs ever, in my opinion.

4.) Another Side of Bob Dylan (1964).  This album marked a departure from the socially-conscious music of his previous albums, and focused on more personal themes in songs like "It Ain't Me Babe" and "All I Really Want to Do."  The Byrds covered four songs from this album, including "Chimes of Freedom."

5.) Bringing it all Back Home (1965).  This album marked Dylan's entrance into "rock music" with a full electric band.  Notable songs are "Subterranean Homesick Blues" and "Maggie's Farm."  The second side of this album contains more traditional folk songs, including "Mr. Tamborine Man."

6.) Highway 61 Revisited (1965). This album moved Dylan further into "electric music."  Every song features a full backing band, with the exception of the closing track "Desolation Row."  Probably the most famous song off this album is "Like a Rolling Stone."  This album is named after the US highway that connects Dylan's hometown of Duluth, Minnesota to southern cities known for their music heritage, like Memphis, St. Louis, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Delta.  Two "blues" songs are "Tombstone Blues" and "Just Like Tom Thumb's Blues."

7.) Blonde on Blonde (1966).  This is an epic double-album which contains one of my favorite Dylan songs, "Visions of Johanna."  Dylan recorded this album with the band that would become The Band, with important musicians Robbie Robertson and Levon Helm.  Dylan and The Band would continue to collaborate well into the 1970s.  Other notable tracks off Blonde on Blonde are "One of Us Must Know (Sooner or Later)," "Stuck Inside of Mobile With the Memphis Blues Again," and "Just Like a Woman."  Pretty much every song on this record is a gem.

8.) John Wesley Harding (1967).  Between the release of Blonde on Blonde and this album, Dylan had a motorcycle accident which caused him to stop touring for nearly 8 years.  Instead, he focused on writing and recording.  John Wesley Harding was recorded in Nashville, and contains the hit song "All Along the Watchtower," which was famously covered by Jimi Hendrix.  

9.) Nashville Skyline (1969).  Throughout his long and storied career, Bob Dylan has often re-invented his sound.  This is definitely true of Nashville Skyline, which is pretty much a straight-ahead country album, and features a new, more melodic style of singing.  This album features a great duet with Johnny Cash ("Girl from the North Country").  Nashville Skyline also contains the hit single "Lay Lady Lay."

10.) Self Portrait (1970).  This album was harshly criticized by critics.  It contains a lot of cover songs, and is generally regarded as his weakest album thus far.  There are some goods tracks on it, however, like "Copper Kettle," and "The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)."  The song "Wigwam" is featured in Wes Anderson's film The Royal Tennenbaums.

11.) New Morning (1970).  This album was released just four months after "Self Portrait" and it was much better received, by both critics and fans.  Notable songs off New Morning are "If Not For You," and "The Man in Me," which was featured in the Coen brothers film The Big Lebowski.

12.) Pat Garrett and Billy The Kid (1973).  This was a soundtrack album for director Sam Peckinpah's film Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, starring James Coburn, Kris Kristofferson, and Bob Dylan himself!   The most famous song off this album is "Knockin' On Heaven's Door."

13.) Dylan (1973).  This album was compiled of cover songs, outtakes from Self Portrait and New Morning, with no input from Dylan himself.  Columbia put this record out after Dylan announced that he was leaving the label for Asylum Records.  Though it was not well-received critically, I like the first three tracks: "Lily of the West," "Can't Help Falling in Love," and "Sarah Jane."

14.) Planet Waves (1974).  This album was a collaboration with The Band, it was was well-received.  It contains the song "Forever Young."  My favorite tracks are "On a Night Like This" and "Tough Mama."

15.) Blood on the Tracks (1975).  This album, which focuses on the break-up of a relationship, is generally considered one of Dylan's best.  Pretty much all the songs are great.  My favorites, in order, are: "Tangled Up in Blue," "Idiot Wind," "Lily, Rosemary, and the Jack of Hearts," and "Shelter from the Storm."

16.) The Basement Tapes (1975).  This is a series of recordings made by Bob Dylan and The Band in 1967, when they were all living in Woodstock, NY, when Dylan was convalescing and recovering after his motorcycle accident.  The album has a rootsy, Americana feel.  My favorite songs off the Basement Tapes are "Bessie Smith," "You Ain't Goin' Nowhere," and "Tears of Rage."

17.) Desire (1976).  Between the Basement Tapes and Desire, Bob Dylan toured with a caravan of amazing musicians which he called Rolling Thunder Revue.  This group consisted of such talents as Joan Baez, Ramblin' Jack Elliott, and T-Bone Burnett.  Many of these musicians are featured on this album.  Country singer Emmylou Harris also contributes vocals to Desire.  This album features the famous story-song "Hurricane," about boxer Ruben Carter, who was falsely convicted of murder.  There's a movie about him starring Denzel Washington.

18.) Street Legal (1978).  This album was not well-received in the US, but it fared better in the UK.  My favorite track is "Changing of the Guards."

19.) Slow Train Coming (1979). In 1979, Bob Dylan became a "born again" Christian, and this conversion prompted him to make three albums that were heavily influenced by his Christian faith.  This alienated many of his fans, but also gained him a following among some Christians.  Despite their somewhat negative reputation, I think there are some real musical gems on these next three albums.  My favorite songs on Slow Train Coming are "Gotta Serve Somebody," "Man Gave Names to All the Animals," and "When He Returns."

20.) Saved (1980).  As you can tell by the title and cover of this album, it is the most overtly Christian of Dylan's records, and represents the most intense music of his "born again" phase.  The 1970s were a strange decade in America.  The "Jesus Movement" was a big deal, with lots of hippies converting to "born-again" Christianity, and I think Dylan's records reflect this strange cultural moment in the US.  I don't love this album, but it has a couple decent tracks: "A Satisfied Mind" and "Saved," the title track.

21.) Shot of Love (1981).  The third album on his unofficial "Christian trilogy, Shot of Love shows signs of Dylan leaving his days of sermonizing and returning to "secular" topics, as shown in the song "Lenny Bruce," a sort of musical eulogy to the radical comedian.  This most overtly Christian song on this album is "Property of Jesus," which is actually a pretty moving song.  I think my favorite song on this record is "Heart of Mine."

22.) Infidels (1983).  It's appropriate that the album that broke Dylan's "Christian series" is called "Infidels."  My friend Paul, who has been a Dylan fan since probably the 60s, once made the observation that, even after Dylan's gospel albums, there remains a lingering interest in religion and spirituality in his music, and I totally agree.  Musically speaking, the religious albums gave Dylan another stylistic influence to work with--gospel--a super important and rich American musical tradition.  The opening track on Infidels, "Jokerman," has biblical overtones, but could also be about America.  Also, on Infidels, we find Dylan returning to "protest/topical music" with the song "Union Sundown," which is about the decline of manufacturing unions due to an increasingly globalized economy, which was certainly happening in 1983, when Infidels was recorded.  

23.) Empire Burlesque (1985).  This is generally regarded as one of Dylan's worst albums, and I tend to agree.  The 1980s were a difficult decade for Bob Dylan (and a lot of musicians who came of age in the 1960s--like Paul McCartney, Brian Wilson, and The Kinks).  It was the decade of transition from analog to digital/electronic recording, and slick studio sound just doesn't suit Bob Dylan.  Having said that, I do think "Clean Cut Kid" is a good song, both musically and content-wise--it's about a Vietnam Veteran having trouble adjusting to civilian life.

24.) Knocked Out Loaded (1986).  While this album still suffers from some 1980s-itis, the hi-light is definitely the eleven-minute epic "Brownsville Girl," which hearkens back to the highly poetic/complex 60s Dylan tracks like "Visions of Johanna."  Another good track is "They Killed Him," which is about the deaths of important human rights leaders like Gandhi and MLK.

25.) Down in the Groove (1988).  My favorite track on this album is actually a cover of a traditional folk song called "Shenandoah."  I also like "Death is Not the End," which has a gospel feel to it.  Throughout the 1980s, Bob Dylan made extensive use of black female backing singers, which give the songs a definite gospel/blues feel.

26.) Oh Mercy (1989).  After what many critics considered to be a creative slump, Dylan made yet another "comeback" album with Oh Mercy.  This album contains the hit single "Most of the Time," a very honest confessional-type song.  This introspective feel is also present on "What Good Am I?"  There's also a pretty gospel-y song called "Ring Them Bells," which was covered by the great indie singer-songwriter Sufjan Stevens for the soundtrack of the Bob Dylan bio-pic "I'm Not There."

27.) Under the Red Sky (1990).  This album, in my opinion, suffers from some overly-slick studio work that actually detracts from the down-to-earth feel of Dylan's voice and lyrics.  I think that if he re-recorded this album using a stripped-down analog setup, it would be absolutely fantastic.  The title track, "Under the Red Sky," is a pretty decent song.

28.) Good as I Been to You (1992).  This album marked yet another transition in Dylan's career.  He got rid of his band and recorded an entire album of songs that include only acoustic guitar and Dylan's voice.  It's as if he was shedding his skin, cleansing himself of all the bullshit of the 1980s, getting back in touch with the folk, blues, and ballads that first inspired him so many years ago.  But this album isn't about nostalgia--Dylan's voice now bears the scars and authority of experience.  He has become one of the "old masters" that he so admired in his youth in Greenwich village in New York of the 1960s.  This is a great album, especially in light of what came before it.  My favorite song on this album is a cover of Mississippi John Hurt's "Frankie and Albert."

29.) World Gone Wrong (1993).  This is another album of guitar and voice tracks of traditional folk songs.  World Gone Wrong actually won the Grammy for Best Traditional Folk Album.  My favorite song on this one is Dylan's cover of Blind Willie McTell's song "Broke Down Engine."  I feel like, on these two acoustic albums, Dylan discovered that his aging voice and style was well-suited to old school blues music, a style that would dominate the next phase of his career.

30.) Time Out of Mind (1997).  This record won three Grammys, including Album of the Year, marking yet another creative re-invention for Dylan.  After the previous folk records, this album marks the return of Dylan with a full band.  However, with this record, Dylan shed the slick 1980s sound, and returned to a more authentic roots/blues/folk sound.  This album is really good.  The two singles off it were "Not Dark Yet" and "Love Sick."  "Tryin' to Get to Heaven" is another great track.

31.) Love and Theft (2001).  This album was released on September 11th, 2001.  Music critic Greg Kot describes the album in this way: "This is a tour of American music--jump blues, slow blues, rockabilly, Tin Pan Alley ballads, Country swing--that evokes the sprawl, fatalism and subversive humor of Dylan's sacred text, Harry Smith's Anthology of American Folk Music, the pre-rock voicings of Hank Williams, Charley Patton and Johnnie Ray, among others, and the ultra dry humor of Groucho Marx."  Without a doubt, the best song on "Love and Theft" is "Mississippi," one of Dylan's best songs ever.

32.) Modern Times (2006).  Upon the heels of his success with Time Out of Mind and "Love and Theft," Dylan made yet another critically and commercially successful record with "Modern Times."  These recent Dylan albums show a master at work who is well steeped in American music, has encyclopedic knowledge of singers, songwriters, and poets, and manages to mix all these elements together into an album that feels really deep and expansive.  Here are some of the diverse musical and literary references in Modern Times: Henry Timrod (19th century poet), Memphis Minnie (blues singer), Chuck Berry (rock and roll pioneer), Hambone Willie Newbern (country blues singer), Lightnin' Hopkins (Texas bluesman), Sleepy John Estes (blues legend), Muddy Waters (Chicago bluesman), June Christy (cool jazz singer), Willie Dixon (blues musician), Howlin' Wolf (bluesman), Big Joe Williams (Delta blues singer), James Lord Pierpont (19th century composer), Kansas Joe McCoy (Delta bluesman), Led Zeppelin (British rockers), The Stanley Brothers (bluegrass duo), and  Ovid (ancient Roman poet).  The single off Modern Times was "Someday Baby."

33.) Together Through Life (2009).  From 2006-2009, Bob Dylan hosted a weekly radio show called "Theme Time Radio Hour" for satellite radio.  Each episode centered on a theme (Weather, Money, Flowers, etc.) and featured an eclectic mix of music that Dylan liked.  With the release of Together Through Life, Dylan also included an episode of his radio show called "Friends and Neighbors." It features a collection of songs that gives great insight into the diverse musical influences of this record.  Featured artists include Porter Wagoner and the Wagonmasters, Sister Rosetta Tharpe, T-Bone Burnett, Moon Mullican, George Jones, Melba Montgomery, Howlin' Wolf, Little Walter, Carole King, The Rolling Stones, Hank Williams, and War.  My favorite tracks on Together Through Life are "Shake Shake Mama" and "I Feel a Change Comin' On."

35.) Tempest (2012).  On this album, Dylan's voice sometimes sounds like Tom Waits, with its strained, gravely growl, and I think that actually contributes to the music.  This is not a gimmick--the sound of his voice shows the scars and strains of a lifetime of singing hard-driving, intense songs.  This album, like Dylan's previous ones, was well-received critically, and continues to blend a variety of musical styles and influences, and is thematically interested in timeless topics like love, struggle, and death.  The title track, "Tempest," is a 13-minute epic about the sinking of the Titanic that feels inspired by 19th century sea-faring songs.  "Roll on John" is a tribute to John Lennon.  My favorite song is probably "Pay in Blood."

This year, Bob Dylan released an album of Frank Sinatra covers called Shadows in the Night, which I haven't listened to yet, and decided not to include on this list.  Anyway, the point is that Bob Dylan is a super important American musician whose catalogue is vast and deep.  Listening to these albums has been both educational and inspiring for me.